Hougen Group


Two men standing by a Ford tri-motor plane (CF-AZB) in the snow. Date: ca. 1930. Yukon Archives. Claude & Mary Tidd fonds, #8298.


Grant McConachie, CPA President at Fort Norman, June 1942. Yukon Archives. Finnie Familiy fonds, #8.


Reconnaissance party northward-bound from Fort McMurray 7 June 1942. Grant McConachie CPA President is in centre. Yukon Archives. Finnie Familiy fonds, #4.

Grant McConachie

It was the most powerful aircraft in Canada flying on floats. The visionary pilot at the controls was man who would make trans - Pacific flying commonplace in years to come. But on July 5, 1937, he was flying his giant Ford Trimotor 12-passenger aircraft to Whitehorse. An aviation first was in the making.

Grant McConachie was at the controls on that July day back in 1937. Twelve passengers were on board, but only one was paying. The others were on a freebie promotional flight from Edmonton to Whitehorse. The giant plane left the Edmonton float-plane base at 8:15 a.m. Fuel stops were scheduled for Fort St. John, Fort Nelson and Lower Post. It was a rough flight with severe headwinds reducing the air speed at times to 70 miles an hour, compared with the much ballyhooed plan to fly at an incredible 100 miles an hour.

The headwinds eased off, and the United Air Transport plane and passengers pulled into the White Pass docks on the Yukon River at 11p.m. The first commercial flight from Alberta to the Yukon took 15 hours. More important to the new airline company than the non-paying passengers was the 400 pounds of mail it carried for the Canadian post office. The company could survive with the mail contract.

Next day in Whitehorse, the brash young McConachie decided to fly on to Dawson City and establish it as a destination for United Air Transportation. The company flew on a shoestring budget until 1939, when it added a few more planes to its fleet.

That year, it changed its name to Yukon Southern Air Transport Limited. Also that year, the Ford Trimotor float plane used in the first flight to the Yukon was rammed by a runaway Hurricane aircraft while it sat on the tarmac in Vancouver. The plane was damaged beyond repair. McConachie sued the Canadian military and won a cash settlement of $52,000.

Still cash-strapped, McConachie decided to approach the Canadian Pacific Railway and offer them a partnership in Yukon Southern. On January 13, 1941, the CPR announced the purchase of the company, and Canadian Pacific Airlines was born. Grant McConachie's role as an international aviation pioneer was just beginnning.

A CKRW Yukon Nugget by Les McLaughlin


Pattullo Bridge from New Westminster to Surrey.

Pattullo annexes the Yukon

In my search for Yukon Nuggets, stories from our fabled past, I have often come across strange - sometimes bizarre - tales.

Most recently, a story surfaced for which I have no explanation, nor could I find anything to prove the event actually occurred except to tell you that it was a feature article in that most trustworthy of publications, Time Magazine.

Here as Robert Service would say, are the simple facts of the case - as written on May 10th, 1937. I leave it to you to judge the truth of the tale.

We have heard in previous Nugget broadcasts how Duff Pattullo, once Premier of British Columbia, got his start in politics during his eight-year stay in Dawson City at the turn of the 19th century. He was in Dawson during the gold rush and beyond, became a Member of the Yukon Territorial council and speaker of the Legislature. When he left the Yukon in 1908, he was elected to the BC legislature and subsequently became Premier in 1933. That job lasted ten years. Pattullo always had an interest in the Yukon. As it turns out that interest was more than nostalgia for his earlier political days in the Territory.

Pattullo wanted to take the Yukon with him when he left and, according to the Time Magazine story of May 10th, 1937, he did just that. In that issue, Time reported that "BC Premier Duff Pattullo announced last week that British Columbia had closed a deal with the Government of Canada to take over Yukon Territory."

Time Magazine went on to say that "As soon as British Columbia's Legislature signs on the dotted line, that province will become, next to Quebec, the largest in Canada. From maps of Canada, said Time, "will disappear the colorful Yukon Territory, made famous by the discovery of gold in 1896 and the hairy-chested poems of Robert William Service."

"Yukon's sole representative in the Dominion Parliament since October 1935 has been Mrs. George Black, a dashing woman who left Chicago to join the gold rush of 1898."


Time reported that Mrs. Black exploded angrily last week when Premier Pattullo announced his acquisition and expressed "surprise" that no statement had been made "either in Parliament or by the Prime Minister."


Time continued: "By no means reluctant was the Dominion to surrender control of the Yukon, which has cost it nearly eleven million dollars for its development with almost no direct return to Ottawa. Cheerfully, said Time, the federal Government consented to make an annual grant to British Columbia of $125,000 for five years to help meet the expense of taking over.

So what to make of this story. We know that the Yukon did not join BC back in 1937. What we don't know is where they got the information of how close the federal government came to handing the Yukon over to British Columbia in 1937.

A CKRW Yukon Nugget by Les McLaughlin


See also: Duff Pattullo

The Whitehorse Star in the 30s and 40s

Times were tough in the Yukon just before the outbreak of World War II. The territory had become a backwater, out of sight and out of mind, especially by the Federal Government. In 1937 the feds gleefully agreed to allow British Columbia to take over the administration of the territory, hardly anyone was living here anyway. In 1941 the population of the entire territory was about 4600 people. Two thirds were men, and many stayed to work in the summer, and left when freeze up came.

But small business plugged along. Over at the Whitehorse Star’s little shack on Main Street, owner Horace Moore was a one man show. Moore had bought the Star in 1938. He was trying to eke out a living publishing a six page paper once a week, and do some commercial printing jobs to keep the wolf from the door. Then in 1942 things changed for Moore, and the Yukon. The American Troops building the Alaska Highway hit the Yukon like a juggernaut. Things changed so much that Time magazine ran a story about, of all things, The Whitehorse Star. Time wrote: “Outside the tiny white-framed building a large sign simply says ‘printing’. That’s the headquarters of The Whitehorse Star in the Yukon Territory. Inside, another large sign pleads ‘don’t shoot, we're doing our best’. The first sign went up six years ago because Editor Horace Edward Moore wanted business. The second went up last week, because he had too much”. Time’s report was elegant. “A birdlike 63 year old Mr. Chipsy sort of man who immigrated long ago from England, Horace Moore had worked around Western Canada at various jobs before buying The Star. From the paper, and from what other printing jobs he could pick up, he hoped for a living and leisure. He acquired a linotype machine and an operator, increased his paper’s size from four to six pages, and turned out job printing for Whitehorse’s few stores. One year he won a Canadian Weekly Newspaper Association award for the best paper under 500 circulation. Best of all, he did all of this in an easy 5 day week.

But last year the Alaska Highway brought briskness to editor Moore’s idyllic retreat. Thousands of inflooding US Army Engineers and private construction workers transformed Whitehorse into something unreal. Job printing orders went up like a rocket. Officers and contractors now bang on The Star’s doors with orders for letterheads, record forms, tickets and contracts in the thousands. With the aid of a new automatic press and four assistants, two of which are army men who work part-time, pipe-smoking cap-wearing Horace Moore is doing the best he can. But gone are the five-day weeks and the life of Riley. Whitehorse’s frosty ink stained paradise has been invaded”. Yet another example of the impact the Alaska Highway had on the Yukon.

A CKRW Yukon Nugget by Les McLaughlin

The Whitehorse Star Reports in 1937

February 5, 1937 Livingstone Wernecke is picked up at Prince George after he crashed there with his Bellanca plane.
February 26, 1937 Captain J.E. Hoggan, well known skipper of the B.Y.N. fleet for many years, passes away in Mayo on February 15, 1937.
March 5, 1937 The son of George and Martha Black is killed in a car accident.
March 12, 1937 The Department of Mines and Resources in Ottawa issues of geological map of the Laberge area.
April 12, 1937 A new era in Yukon's mining industry is ushered in on March 30, 1937 when Everet Wasson, piloting the White Pass Fairchild, delivers miners and equipment to the creeks.
April 30, 1937 T.C. Richards purchases the Whitehorse Inn and City Café.
April 30, 1937
 → May 7, 1937
Premier T.D. Pattullo announces on April 26, 1937 that the Yukon Territory is to become a part of British Columbia. It is stated that negotiations toward the amalgamation of British Columbia and the Yukon have been quietly proceeding by the Dominion and Provincial governments for some time and the basis of the agreement for the merger is reached. News of the announcement is received "with increduality and righteous indignation" by Yukon citizens.
May 28, 1937 Navigation on the Yukon river opens May 23, 1937 with the departure of the steamer Nasutlin.
June 4, 1937 J.J. Elliott opens a branch of his ivory shop at Carcross.
June 4, 1937 Kate Rockwell Matson, "Klondike Kate", returns to Whitehorse and Dawson.
June 11, 1937 Whitehorse's new theatre, built by J.R. Alguire, officially opens June 5, 1937.
June 25, 1937 It is stated that President Roosevelt is very receptive to a plan to make part of B.C. and the Yukon into an international park and Skagway a free port. It would be the world's first international park.
July 9, 1937 The first inaugural flight of the United Air Transport mail plane is made which arrives in Whitehorse from Edmonton on July 5, 1937.
July 9, 1937 Robert Service's mother, Sarah Emily Service, passes away.
July 16, 1937 Owing to the rapidly increasing air traffic, a new diagonal runway is added to the Whitehorse airfield.
August 20, 1937 Martha and George Black's eldest son passes away after a prolonged illness.
November 5, 1937 A new airmail service for Whitehorse - Dawson via Mayo is inaugurated. The contract is awarded to the British Yukon Navigation Co.
November 12, 1937 The House of Macmillian publishes a book of poems dealing with the north: "Frozen Fires".
November 26, 1937 A devastating storm strikes the Seward Peninsula at Nome. It not only damages property but also uncovers a new gold area.
December 3, 1937 Gordon Armstrong is elected president of the Whitehorse Curling Club.
December 17, 1937 The Junior Board of Trade is organized at Dawson.
December 31, 1937 The most disastrous fire in years demolishes the Family Theatre at Dawson and the historic D.A.A.A. building.